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dc.rights.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode.denone
dc.contributor.authorHammer, Bernhard
dc.contributor.authorPrskawetz, Alexia
dc.contributor.authorFreund, Inga
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-30T15:41:49Z
dc.date.available2018-10-30T15:41:49Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn2212-828Xnone
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.genderopen.de/25595/505
dc.description.abstractWe compare selected European countries using an economic dependency ratio which emphasizes the role of age-specific levels of production and consumption. Our analysis reveals large differences in the age- and gender-specific level and type of production activities across selected European countries and identifies possible strategies to adjust age-specific economic behaviour to an ageing population. The cross-country differences in economic dependency of children and elderly persons are largely determined by the age at which people enter, respectively exit, the labour market. The ability of the working age population to support children and elderly persons in turn is strongly influenced by the participation of women in paid work. We also provide a measure for the age-specific production and consumption in form of unpaid household work. The inclusion of unpaid household work leads to a decrease of the gender differences in production activities and indicates that the working age population supports children and elderly persons not only through monetary transfers but also through services produced by unpaid work (e.g. childcare, cooking, cleaning. . .). Given the available data, we cannot distinguish the age profile of consumption by gender and have to assume – in case of unpaid work - that each member of the household consumes the same. Hence, our results have to be regarded as a first approximation only. Our paper aims to argue that a reform of the welfare system needs to take into account not only public transfers but also private transfers, in particular the transfers in form of goods and services produced through unpaid household work.none
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.subjectWirtschaftnone
dc.subjectAlternone
dc.subjectArbeitnone
dc.subjectHausarbeitnone
dc.subjectGeschlechtnone
dc.subjectWohlfahrtsstaatnone
dc.subject.ddc330 Wirtschaftnone
dc.titleProduction activities and economic dependency by age and gender in Europenone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.25595/499
dc.source.pageinfo86-97none
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
dc.source.journalThe Journal of the Economics of Ageingnone
dc.source.issue5none
local.notes.internCC BY 3.0none
dc.title.subtitleA cross-country comparisonnone
dc.identifier.pi10.1016/j.jeoa.2014.09.007none
local.typeZeitschriftenartikel


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